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Two Wheeler Insurance Ownership Transfer, Registration & RC Book
Jan 23, 2023

A Guide to Registration, RC Book & Two Wheeler Insurance Ownership Transfer

Two-wheeler insurance is an insurance product that safeguards you from any financial loss that might occur if your two-wheeler suffers loss/damage due to natural calamities or unforeseen incidents like theft, burglary, and accidents. * There are two types of two-wheeler insurance plans:
  1. Third-Party Liability Insurance Policy
  2. Comprehensive Policy
In India, having third-party liability insurance is mandatory before you take your two-wheeler on the road. You can insure your vehicle with bike insurance online or via the offline process. While getting a comprehensive two-wheeler policy is not mandatory, it is best advised that you buy it as it helps pay for the damages to your bike in case of any unprecedented incidents. * The registration of your vehicle, its ownership transfer and its RC book are documents that are essential throughout the lifetime of your vehicle. However, you need the registration certificate at the time of buying or renewing your bike insurance policy. Let's have a look at some useful information about these important documents.

What is an RC book?

The RC book, or the Registration Certificate, is an official document issued by the Government of India, which certifies your bike is legally registered with the RTO (Regional Transport Office). Over time, the registration certificate, which was issued in form of a booklet, is now available as a smart card. It has the following details about your bike/two-wheeler:
  • Registration date and number
  • Engine number
  • Chassis number
  • Colour of the vehicle
  • Type of the two-wheeler
  • Maximum Seating capacity
  • Model number
  • Fuel type
  • The manufacturing date of the two-wheeler
It also has your personal information such as your name and address.

How to get a two-wheeler’s RC book?

Applying for your bike’s registration certificate is a part of the registration process of your vehicle. Generally, for a new bike, the vehicle dealer does this process on your behalf. Here, your vehicle is inspected by the RTO officials and issued the RC. When the dealer registers the bike on your behalf, its delivery will be done only after the RC is in place. The RC is valid for 15 years and then it can be renewed after every 5 years.

What happens if you lose your RC book?

In India, driving a two-wheeler, or any vehicle for that matter is illegal if you do not have a valid registration certificate for the same. So, if you have lost RC, or it gets stolen or misplaced, then lodge a police complaint (in case of stolen) and approach your nearest RTO to initiate the process of issuing a duplicate RC book. Submit form 26 with the following documents to RTO:
  • Copy of original RC book
  • Tax payment receipts and tax token
  • Copy of your two-wheeler insurance policy
  • NOC from financer (if you have bought your two-wheeler on loan)
  • PUC (Pollution Under Control) certificate
  • Your address proof
  • Your identity proof
  • Passport size photographs
Make the payment, INR 300 (approximately), and you will receive an acknowledgement slip, which will have the date by when you will receive the hard-copy of the duplicate RC book at your doorstep.

How can you transfer the RC of a bike online?

If you have moved to a different state, for either a long period (more than a year) or permanently, you need to transfer the RC of your bike. The process to transfer your bike RC is straightforward:
  • Get the NOC letter from your current RTO.
  • Arrange for transporting your bike/two-wheeler to the new state.
  • Apply for registration of your bike in the new state.
  • Make the payment and the road tax as per the rules of the new state.

How can you transfer bike ownership online?

When you are buying a second-hand bike or selling your bike, you need to take into consideration a bike ownership transfer process. Your two-wheeler insurance policy needs to be updated as well. It is the buyer who has to initiate the process of a two-wheeler ownership transfer. Here are the steps for the bike’s ownership transfer:
  • Submit the below-mentioned documents to the Directorate of Transport office:
    • RC book
    • Insurance copy
    • Emission test certificate
    • Address proof of the seller
    • Tax payment receipts
    • Form 29 & 30
    • Passport size photographs of the buyer and seller
  • The above documents will be verified and then signed by the officers/registration authorities.
  • Make the payment of INR 250 (approximately).
  • Collect the acknowledgement receipt.
  • Visit the official website of 'The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways'.
  • Click on the link named - 'Vehicle Registration Related Services'.
  • Enter the transfer registration number in the next screen which opens up.
  • Click on the 'Proceed' button.
  • On the next screen, click on the ‘Misc section’.
  • Enter the registration number, chassis number, mobile number and the OTP sent to your mobile number.
  • Click on ‘Show Details’. On clicking this button, complete details of your vehicle will get displayed.
  • On the same page, you will find the option - 'transfer of ownership'. Select the option.
  • Enter the details of the new owner of the vehicle.
  • Check the transfer fee amount and proceed to make the payment to complete the process.
Hope this document helps you understand the two-wheeler registration process, details of the bike’s RC book, the way to deal with the situation of a lost RC book, the process to transfer the RC book, and transfer the bike ownership online. Ensure that you have two-wheeler insurance while selling your bike. Moreover, ensure that you buy third-party bike insurance online for a hassle-free process to meet all legal requirements always.

What are the steps to change the details on your vehicle’s RC?

In some situations, you may need to change the details mentioned on your vehicle’s registration certificate. Some reasons for such a change can be for removing the hypothecation of your vehicle, change in the colour of your bike, modifications that need RTO approval, or even change in personal details such as your address. In all these situations you must intimate the concerned RTO and get it changed. However, it is also possible to change it online. Here’s how you can do it:
  1. Visit the Vahan Citizen Services, the official website of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways to change the details on your RC.
  2. Enter your bike’s registration number and click on ‘Proceed’.
  3. Next, select the ‘Basic Services’ option.
  4. Enter the last five digits of your bike’s chassis number and validate it.
  5. This will generate an OTP. Enter the OTP and click on ‘Submit’.
  6. Once these above details are validated, you can select the option that you need to change your RC for.
  7. For instance, you need to change your address. Now, you need to enter the ‘Service Details’ and also update your ‘Insurance Details’.
  8. On paying the requisite fees, you need to upload your documents and your appointment can be scheduled.

How to surrender your vehicle’s RC?

Surrendering your two-wheeler’s RC is a critical step in situations where your vehicle is either stolen and never retrieved, damaged and beyond repair, not useable due to different reasons, or scrapped. Surrendering your RC ensures your vehicle is no longer registered to a different owner and its registration number stands cancelled in the RTO records. Here’s how to surrender the RC:
  1. Visit the Vahan Citizen Services, the official website of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways to surrender your RC.
  2. Enter your bike’s registration number and click on ‘Proceed’.
  3. Next, select the ‘Online Services’ option and click on ‘RC Surrender’.
  4. Enter the last five digits of your bike’s chassis number and validate it.
  5. This will generate an OTP. Enter the OTP and click on ‘Submit’.
  6. Once these above details are validated, you can select the option that you need to surrender your RC.
  7. Now, you need to enter the ‘Service Details’ and also update your ‘Insurance Details’.
  8. On paying the requisite fees, you need to upload your documents and your appointment can be scheduled.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Where is the RC number mentioned?

The registration details are mentioned on the vehicle’s registration number. There is a specified pattern that is used across the country for uniformity where the first two letters denote registering state. For instance, ‘MH’ indicates Maharashtra, ‘DL’ indicates Delhi and so on. This is followed by the RTO code followed by the registration series of the registering RTO. The last four digits are the unique number assigned to your vehicle. These range from 0001 to 9999. Once all numbers are used, a letter is prefixed to the numbers and the series is used again. Examples of vehicle registration numbers: MH 04 AA 1234 and DL 1 SEA 1234.
  1. What is the validity of my vehicle’s RC?

The RTO-issued certificate for your new two-wheeler is valid for 15 years. Once this period ends, the renewal is possible for five years on payment of ‘Green Tax’.
  1. Is it possible to check my bike’s details online?

Yes, it is possible to check your bike’s registration details by visiting the Praivahan Sewa website. Alternatively, you can also check it using the mParivahan mobile application.
  1. Can I convert my old RC book to a smart card?

Yes, if your old RC book is torn, faded, or soiled, it is possible to request for a new smart card. For this, a request for duplicate RC must be submitted to the RTO along with the necessary fees and documentation.   * Standard T&C Apply Insurance is the subject matter of solicitation. For more details on benefits, exclusions, limitations, terms, and conditions, please read the sales brochure/policy wording carefully before concluding a sale.

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