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Guide to Passports in India
Mar 30, 2024

Different Types of Passports You Can Apply For in India

Passports are not just documents; they are gateways to explore the world, connecting individuals to new experiences and opportunities. In India, the passport system offers various types tailored to different needs and circumstances. Understanding these passport types and their significance can help individuals make informed decisions when applying for one. This comprehensive guide delves into the diverse types of passports available in India, their eligibility criteria, application processes, and essential documents.

Types of Passports in India - An Overview

In India, passports can be broadly categorised into two types: Physical Passports and ePassports.

Physical Passports

Physical passports come in four distinct colours, each serving a specific purpose:
  1. Blue Passport (Ordinary Passport): This is the most common type of passport and is available to all Indian citizens for personal, business, or leisure travel purposes.
  2. Orange Passport (Emigration Check Required Passport): Reserved for individuals with educational qualifications below the 10th standard who require emigration clearance before departing from India.
  3. White Passport (Official Passport): Issued to government servants for official travel on specific government business.
  4. Maroon Passport (Diplomatic Passport): Granted to high-profile government officials, diplomats, and their families for diplomatic immunity and official purposes.


ePassports, introduced in 2023, are digital versions of the blue passport equipped with a chip storing biometric information for secure and contactless travel.

Eligibility Criteria for Different Passport Types

Each passport type in India has specific eligibility criteria:
  1. Blue Passport (Ordinary Passport): Open to all Indian citizens by birth, descent, or naturalisation.
  2. Orange Passport (Emigration Check Required Passport): Individuals who have not completed the 10th grade or lack necessary documents for secondary education.
  3. White Passport (Official Passport): Government officials and individuals representing the Indian government.
  4. Maroon Passport (Diplomatic Passport): Officers from Indian Foreign Services, Ministry of External Affairs, and selected government officials.

Application Process for Obtaining a Passport

Applying for a passport in India involves several steps:
  1. Online Registration: Register on the Passport Seva portal and complete the online application form.
  2. Document Submission: Submit required documents such as proof of address, identity, and date of birth.
  3. Appointment Booking: Schedule an appointment at the Passport Seva Kendra and pay the applicable fees online.
  4. Verification and Issuance: Attend the appointment for document verification, after which the passport is issued.

Documents Required for Passport Application

The documents required vary based on the type of passport:
  1. Common Documents for All Passports: Application form, photographs, proof of address, proof of date of birth, and proof of identity.
  2. Additional Documents for Specific Passports: Educational certificates for Orange Passport, appointment letter or identity card for White and Maroon Passports.

Passport Application Fees in India

The fee structure for passport applications differs based on the type of passport and processing speed:
  1. Blue Passport: ₹1500-2000 for normal processing, ₹3500-4000 for Tatkal.
  2. Orange Passport: ₹3000-3500 for normal processing, ₹5000-5500 for Tatkal.
  3. White Passport: Determined by the concerned ministry or department.
  4. Maroon Passport: The government bears the cost.

Importance of Travel Insurance

International travel can be unpredictable, and having adequate travel insurance is essential to mitigate risks and uncertainties. Travel insurance provides coverage for various unforeseen events such as trip cancellations, medical emergencies, and lost luggage. Here's why travel insurance is important:
  1. Coverage for Medical Emergencies: International travel insurance ensures access to quality healthcare in case of medical emergencies abroad.
  2. Protection Against Trip Cancellations: travel insurance covers expenses incurred due to trip cancellations or interruptions caused by unforeseen events.
  3. Assistance Services: Travel insurance offers 24/7 assistance services for emergencies, including medical evacuation and repatriation.
  4. Peace of Mind: With travel insurance, travelers can enjoy peace of mind knowing they are financially protected against unexpected events.

Choosing the Right Travel Insurance Policy*

When selecting a travel insurance policy, consider the following factors:
  1. Coverage Options: Look for a policy that offers comprehensive coverage, including medical expenses, trip cancellations, baggage loss, and emergency assistance.
  2. Policy Duration: Choose a policy duration that aligns with the duration of your trip.
  3. Family Travel Insurance: Consider purchasing family travel insurance to cover the entire family under a single policy.
  4. Provider Reputation: Opt for a reputable insurance provider known for responsive customer service and efficient claims processing.
Understanding the different types of passports available in India and the importance of travel insurance is crucial for smooth and hassle-free international travel. By considering eligibility criteria, application processes, and coverage options, individuals can make informed decisions when applying for a passport and selecting a suitable travel insurance policy. Remember, a passport is not just a travel document; it's a key to unlocking new experiences and opportunities around the world. By familiarising yourself with the intricacies of passport types and securing adequate travel insurance, you can embark on your international journey with confidence, knowing you are prepared for whatever adventures lie ahead. All prices mentioned are dynamic in nature and subject to change with time. The information provided is for general purposes only and is not intended as substitute for professional or expert advice. Appropriate guidance or consultation from relevant authorities for travel-related concerns and queries is recommended.   *Standard T&C Apply Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making any related decisions. Insurance is the subject matter of solicitation. For more details on benefits, exclusions, limitations, terms, and conditions, please read the sales brochure/policy wording carefully before concluding a sale.

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