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Black Fungus
Dec 21, 2023

How to Avoid Black Fungus?

In recent times, the term "black fungus" has gained prominence as a health concern, particularly among individuals recovering from COVID-19. Medically known as mucormycosis, black fungus is a rare but serious fungal infection. As we delve into what black fungus is and what the precautions are against it, it becomes imperative to disseminate accurate information to promote awareness and safeguard public health.

What is Black Fungus (Mucormycosis)?

Black fungus, or mucormycosis, is a rare but potentially life-threatening fungal infection caused by a group of moulds called mucormycetes. These moulds are commonly found in the environment, especially in soil and decaying organic matter. While mucormycosis is not contagious like a viral or bacterial infection, it can affect people with the following health issues:
  1. Diabetes
  3. Cancer
  4. Patients who have undergone some kind of transplant
With a health insurance policy, you get financial coverage for the treatment for either of the health issues mentioned above, only if it is covered in your policy documents, do check the inclusions. Do check the policy documents for the list of diseases covered under the policy, and the coverage offered for them.*

Symptoms Of Black Fungus

The following are some of the symptoms of Black Fungus which can help you get proper medical care early on:
  1. Breathlessness
  2. Fever
  3. Chest Pain
  4. Vomiting or Nausea
  5. Bleeding in the intestines
  6. Blood in stool
Please note that the symptoms mentioned above are dependent on where the fungus is growing. For example, if the fungus has affected your skin, the symptoms would include swelling of the skin, redness, or blisters. If the fungus enters your bloodstream and affects body parts through it, it is known as disseminated mucormycosis. In such cases, the patient might go into a coma or may lose their life as well. If you have a health insurance policy, go through the policy document to check if black fungus treatment is covered by the policy or not. Claims are subject to terms and conditions set forth under health insurance policy*

Precautions Against Black Fungus

Following these tips will help you understand how to avoid black fungus:

Maintain Personal Hygiene

Personal hygiene is the first line of defence against various infections, including mucormycosis. Thorough and regular handwashing with soap and water helps prevent the spread of germs. Additionally, avoiding touching the face, especially the eyes, nose, and mouth, can minimize the risk of fungal entry.

Control Diabetes

Individuals with uncontrolled diabetes are more susceptible to mucormycosis. Maintaining optimal blood sugar levels is crucial in preventing fungal infections. Regular monitoring of blood glucose, adherence to a diabetic-friendly diet, and following medical advice can significantly reduce the risk. As diabetics are vulnerable to health problems apart from black fungus, covering the cost of treatment with the help of medical insurance might provide some peace of mind in a stressful period. The usage of a health insurance calculator can help you navigate through different plans based on various factors.*

Sterilize Medical Equipment

For individuals who have undergone medical procedures, especially those involving oxygen therapy or ventilators, it's essential to ensure that all medical equipment is properly sterilized. Hospitals and healthcare facilities must adhere to strict infection control measures to minimize the risk of fungal contamination.

Use Sterile Water

Mucormycosis can be associated with the use of contaminated water in medical procedures or for nasal irrigation. Using sterile water for medical purposes, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems, is crucial in preventing fungal infections.

Appropriate Antibiotic Use

The misuse or overuse of antibiotics can disrupt the balance of microorganisms in the body, potentially weakening the immune system. Using antibiotics only when prescribed by a healthcare professional and completing the prescribed course can help maintain a healthy microbial balance.

Monitor Symptoms After COVID-19 Recovery

Individuals recovering from COVID-19, especially those who require oxygen therapy or have severe illness, should be vigilant about any unusual symptoms. Symptoms of mucormycosis include facial swelling, nasal or sinus congestion, black lesions on the nasal bridge or palate, and persistent headaches. Seeking prompt medical attention if these symptoms arise is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment.

Use Masks and PPE

While masks became a ubiquitous accessory during the COVID-19 pandemic, they continue to play a role in preventing various infections, including mucormycosis. Wearing masks and appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) in healthcare settings and crowded places can reduce the risk of inhaling fungal spores.

Maintain General Health

A robust immune system is essential for preventing infections. Adequate sleep, a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, regular exercise, and stress management contribute to overall well-being and help the immune system function optimally.

Environmental Awareness

Individuals with compromised immune systems, such as those undergoing cancer treatment or organ transplantation, should be cautious in environments with high mold concentrations. Avoiding construction sites, dusty areas, and places with decaying organic matter can minimize exposure to fungal spores.


Black fungus, or mucormycosis, is a serious but preventable health concern. While the infection is rare, individuals recovering from COVID-19, especially those with diabetes or compromised immune systems, should be aware of the precautions to minimize the risk. By fostering awareness and implementing preventive measures, we can collectively work towards safeguarding public health and mitigating the impact of black fungus in our communities.   *Standard T&C Apply Insurance is the subject matter of solicitation. For more details on benefits, exclusions, limitations, terms, and conditions, please read the sales brochure/policy wording carefully before concluding a sale.

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