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Types of Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles
Feb 16, 2023

Find Out The Types of Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles

In recent years, the number of people opting for electric vehicles instead of conventional fuel-operated vehicles has risen. Factors such as climate change driven by rising temperatures, increasing pollution, and growing awareness about the benefits of EVs are responsible for this. Consequently, it has also led to an increase in the number of EV manufacturers. If you wish to know more about the types of batteries being used in these vehicles, here is more information related to them.

What are electric vehicles?

As the name suggests, electric vehicles run fully or partially on power stored in batteries, depending upon the type of EV. In EVs, the role of fossil fuel is zero, as the power to drive the car is stored in the batteries. In internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, fossil fuel is used to power the vehicle. The combustion from the engine creates emissions, resulting in air pollution. EVs have zero emissions, which means lower environmental impact. For ICE vehicles, the mileage is measured in kmpl, i.e., kilometres per litre, whereas the same is measured basis of a single charge for electric vehicles. This depends on the capacity of the battery and the vehicle brand.

Types of electric vehicles

When it comes to bikes, there is just one type of electric bike that you have available in the market at present. However, when it comes to electric cars, you have the following types to choose from:
  1. Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)

This type of EV runs on a battery. The battery is powered by either alternating current or direct current depending on the model. The absence of fossil fuel means these cars have zero emissions. The charging time and the range provided differ from manufacturer to manufacturer.
  1. Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)

These cars run on both fuel and electricity. Instead of charging the battery, the electricity required to power the car is generated within the braking system of the vehicle, known as regenerative braking. This electricity is produced from the heat formed during the braking, which is converted into electrical energy. The car switches to fuel afterwards.
  1. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

This type of car is similar to the hybrid one, the only difference being that batteries get charged through both braking and external charging.

Which type of battery is used in electric vehicles?

Listed below are a few types of batteries used in electric vehicles:
  1. Lithium-Ion Battery (Li-ion)

This type of battery is the most widely used electric vehicle battery. Its benefits include high energy efficiency, performance efficiency in higher temperatures, i.e., no drop in the performance if the battery gets hot and a good recycling factor. Apart from this, it has a better power-to-weight ratio, which means even a smaller-sized battery can store a large amount of power. The discharge level is also low, meaning more power savings.
  1. Hybrid Nickel-Metal (NiMH) Batteries

Nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries are majorly used in hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV). They have longer life cycles. Also, they have a better safety rating than lead-acid batteries. They perform better even in rugged conditions. Its downsides are high self-discharge rate and heat generation at high temperatures. They are considerably expensive. These factors have kept this battery type confined to hybrid vehicles.
  1. Lead-Acid Batteries

This battery type is the oldest rechargeable battery. Before the discovery of Li-ion, these were the most viable option. Cheaper manufacturing made them popular. However, they are bulky and get discharged very quickly.

Electric batteries and insurance

When you purchase an electric car or bike, your main concern would the battery. The cost of the battery is the main driving component behind the pricing. However, you do not have to worry. If you purchase an electric car, you can opt for electric car insurance. This insurance offers coverage to the battery that helps you save money in the long run for battery repairs and replacement. Similarly, if you opt for an electric bike, you can purchase electric bike insurance. This policy also offers battery coverage. If the battery were to face problems, the insurance would cover the cost of repairs. * Standard T&C Apply

Conclusion

If you are planning to buy an electric vehicle, this information about the batteries can help you make a better selection. You can provide longevity to your vehicle with electric vehicle insurance which offers financial coverage and savings. Insurance is the subject matter of solicitation. For more details on benefits, exclusions, limitations, terms, and conditions, please read the sales brochure/policy wording carefully before concluding a sale. *Standard T&C apply

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