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All You Need To Know About Vehicle Number Plates
Nov 18, 2023

Vehicle Number Plates in India: Everything You Need to Know

Vehicle number plates serve as unique identifiers, ensuring proper regulation and governance on the roads. If you own a car, use one, or are planning to drive soon, knowing the types of number plates and the rules governing them, is important. Let’s explore the significance of registering your vehicle and other things about vehicle number plates. By familiarising yourself with these aspects, you can ensure compliance, safety, and protection on the roads.

Why Registering Your Vehicle is Necessary

Registering your vehicle is not just a legal requirement but also a crucial step towards ensuring road safety and accountability. Here are a few reasons why vehicle registration is necessary in India:

- Identification

A registered vehicle carries a unique registration number, which acts as its identity. This number helps authorities track and locate vehicles involved in any legal or criminal matters.

- Ownership Proof

Vehicle registration documents serve as proof of ownership. It establishes the legal rights and responsibilities of the vehicle owner.

- Vehicle History

The registration process creates a record of the vehicle's history, including its manufacturing details, ownership transfers, and any outstanding loans.

Types of Number Plates in India

In India, vehicle number plates are categorised based on their purpose and the type of vehicle. Here are the main types of number plates:

- Regular Number Plates

Regular number plates are issued for private vehicles and follow a specific format with black characters on a white background.

- Commercial Number Plates

Commercial vehicles, such as taxis, buses, and trucks, have yellow number plates with black characters. These plates also include additional information, such as the vehicle's category and state code.

- Temporary Number Plates

Temporary number plates are issued for new vehicles that have not been permanently registered. They typically have red characters on a white background and are valid for a limited period.

- High-Security Number Plates (HSRP)

High-security number plates are tamper-proof and carry a chromium-based hologram. These plates help prevent counterfeiting and unauthorised use of vehicles. Many states in India have made it mandatory for vehicles to have HSRP.

- EV Number Plates

A number plate with white font on a green background is a requirement for any private-use electric vehicle. On the other hand, if you own a commercial electric vehicle, you will be required to put up a green background plate with a yellow font. Equipped with this information, a layman may be able to better distinguish amongst the types of vehicles plying the roads and know why some of them have different number plates than others.

Number Plate Rules to be Aware of

To ensure compliance and road safety, it is important to be aware of the following number plate rules in India:

- Size and Font

Number plates must adhere to specific dimensions, with the characters written in the prescribed font. The size and format may vary depending on the type of vehicle.

- Reflective Material

Number plates should be made of reflective materials to enhance visibility, especially during low-light conditions.

- Unobstructed Placement

Number plates should be affixed securely and visibly on the front and rear of the vehicle. They should not be obscured by any accessories, dirt, or damage.

- Unauthorised Modifications

Altering or tampering with number plates, such as using fancy fonts, unauthorised emblems, or obstructive materials, is strictly prohibited. Furthermore, one should also ensure that the number plate is not broken or soiled, so as to have the complete registration number in view.

Why Motor Insurance is Important

Besides number plates, another important thing to take care of when you own a vehicle is regular motor insurance renewal. Here are a few reasons why motor insurance is important.

- Financial Coverage

Motor insurance safeguards you against financial losses arising from accidents, theft, or damage to your vehicle. It covers repair costs, third-party liabilities, and even medical expenses in case of injuries.

- Legal Compliance

As per the Motor Vehicles Act, it is mandatory to have at least third-party motor insurance for every vehicle plying on Indian roads. You may attract penalties and/or legal consequences if you do not comply.

- Peace of Mind

Motor insurance provides reassurance and peace of mind, knowing that you are financially protected in case of unforeseen events. It ensures that you can get back on the road without worrying about hefty expenses. Timely car or bike insurance renewal is essential to maintain continuous coverage. Online platforms offer car insurance premium calculator to help you estimate the premium for your vehicle based on various factors such as make, model, and age. By adhering to the number plate rules, ensuring proper registration, and obtaining motor insurance, you contribute to road safety and protection. Remember, responsible vehicle ownership goes beyond mere compliance it promotes a safer and more accountable driving culture for the benefit of all road users.   * Standard T&C apply. Insurance is the subject matter of solicitation. For more details on benefits, exclusions, limitations, terms, and conditions, please read the sales brochure/policy wording carefully before concluding a sale.

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