Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

Details of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

In April, 2016, the Government of India had launched Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana(PMFBY) after rolling back the earlier insurance schemes viz.

National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS), Weather-based Crop Insurance scheme and Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS). Thus, at present, PMFBY is the flagship scheme of the government for agricultural insurance in India.

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Risks Covered

Prevented Sowing/Planting Risk

Standing Crop (Sowing to Harvesting)

Post-Harvest Losses

Localized Risk


Prevented Sowing/Planting Risk

 A farmer is eligible for a cover up to 25% of the SI (Sum Insured) on account of prevented sowing/ planting due to deficit rainfall or adverse seasonal conditions. This is applicable for the cases where the farmer had every intention to sow/ plant and had incurred expenditure for the same.


Standing Crop (Sowing to Harvesting)

Comprehensive risk insurance is provided to cover yield losses due to non- preventable risks e.g. natural fire and lightning, storm, tempest, cyclone, drought/dry spell, pests and diseases.


Post-Harvest Losses

This coverage is available up to a maximum period of two weeks from harvesting, and is applicable for those crops which are allowed to dry in 'cut and spread' condition in the field after harvesting. The coverage is available against specific perils of cyclone, cyclonic rains and unseasonal rains.


Localized Risk

Loss/damage resulting from occurrence of identified localized risks of hailstorm, landslide and inundation affecting isolated farms in the notified area.

Crops Covered Under PMFBY

  • Food crops (Cereals, Millets and Pulses)
  • Oilseeds
  • Annual Commercial / Annual Horticultural crops

Key Features

  • Covers Localized Risks and Post-Harvest Losses.
  • Use of advanced technology for faster, hassle-free claims.
  • Telephonic Claim intimation on 1800-209-5959


  • Farmer's contribution to premium is reduced significantly i.e. 2% for Kharif crops, 1.5% for Rabi crops and 5% for Annual and Commercial crops.
  • Provision to assess the losses individually in case of localized perils such as hailstorm, inundation and landslide.
  • Assessment of yield loss on individual plot basis in case of occurrence of cyclone, cyclonic rains and unseasonal rains throughout the country resulting in damage to harvested crop lying in the field in 'cut and spread' condition up to maximum period of two weeks (14 days) from harvesting for the sole purpose of drying.
  • On-account claim payment is made to the farmer in case of prevented sowing and localized losses.
  • The use of technology will be encouraged to a great extent under this scheme. Smart phones will be used to capture and upload data of crop cutting to reduce the delays in claim payment to farmers. Remote sensing will also be used under this scheme to reduce the number of crop cutting experiments.


  • Malicious damage
  • Preventable risks
  • Losses arising out of war and nuclear risks


The Actuarial Premium Rate (APR) is charged under PMFBY. This rate is applied on the Sum Insured. The maximum premium rate payable by the farmers under this scheme is determined using the following table:

Season Crops Maximum insurance charges payable by farmer
Kharif All food grains and oilseed crops 2% of Sum Insured
Rabi All food grains and oilseed crops 1.5% of Sum Insured
Kharif and Rabi Annual Commercial / Annual Horticultural crops
Perennial Horticultural Crops (Pilot Basis)
5% of Sum Insured


Remaining premium will be paid equally by the State and Central Government.


The claim process for Pradhan Mantri Bima Yojana with us, at Bajaj Allianz, is quick and easy.


For Localized Losses

  • Farmers may intimate the details of the loss within 72 hours of the calamity either to us or the concerned bank or local agriculture department / district officials. They can also reach us using our Farmitra Mobile App or can call us at the toll free number  1800-209-5959 .
  • Intimation must contain details of survey number-wise insured crop and the acreage affected along with bank account number (Loanee famer) and saving bank account no (Non Loanee Farmer).
  • A surveyor will be appointed by us within 48 hours and the loss assessment will be completed within 72 hours of appointment of surveyor.
  • The premium payment done by the farmer will be verified from bank or farmer portal within 7 days of loss intimation.
  • The applicable pay-out based on the cover will be disbursed within 15 days of the survey of loss. However, it is to be noted that we can remit claims only post receipt of 50% of government share of premium subsidy.

For Prevented Sowing

There is no need for the insured farmer to intimate the insurance company losses due to prevented sowing, as this will be a widespread calamity and assessment is based on area approach. This benefit is triggered when majority of farmers are unable to sow their crop because of weather conditions. The details are as below:

  • The insured farmers shall be paid the claim under prevented sowing if minimum 75% of the sown area of major crop in the notified Insurance Unit (IU) remains unsown or has suffered germination failure due to wide spread calamities such as drought or flood.
  • This provision needs to be invoked by State Government within 15 days of the cut-off date of enrolment.
  • The insurance company would pay the claim within 30 days of the state notification of the prevented sowing, subject to the data on estimated sown area having been received from State Government and receipt of advance subsidy (1st instalment) from government.
  • Insurance cover will cease post the payment of 25% of Sum Insured to farmers as final claims.
  • Once the claim is paid under prevented sowing, no fresh enrolment of farmers for the affected notified IU's and crop would be accepted. This applies to all the farmers in the notified Insurance Units.

Wide Spread Calamities

This cover pays for the shortage in yield of the insured crop compared to Threshold Yield (TY) on area approach.

  • If the Actual Yield (AY) of the insured crop in the Insured Unit (IU) is less than Threshold Yield of the insured crop in the IU then all the insured farmers in the Insurance Unit growing the same crop are assumed to have suffered the loss. The claim is calculated as: ((Threshold Yield - Actual Yield) / Threshold Yield  * Sum Insured Where, AY is calculated on the no. of CCE's done in the Insurance unit and TY is calculated as the average of the best of 5 years from the last seven years

Mid-season Calamity

This cover is to provide immediate relief to farmers in case of any widespread calamity or adverse season, wherein the expected yield during the season is likely to be less than 50% of normal yield.

  • If due to adverse severe seasonal conditions such as severe drought, dry spells and drought declared by state/UT, abnormally low temperatures, wide spread incidence of insects, pests and diseases and natural events such as floods resulting in wide spread loss, the expected yield of the insured crop is less than 50% than the normal yield then the mid-season calamity claim is paid to the insured farmer.
  • Under this claim, the amount is payable to the insured farmer directly on account and shall be 25% of the total Sum Inured.
  • The timeline of the mid-season adversity to be triggered is post one month after the crop sowing and before 15 days of the harvest time.
  • The State Government would notify within 7 days regarding the mid-season adversity and the loss assessment has to be done within the next 15 days from the occurrence of adverse seasonal events.
  • The district level joint committee would assess the claim and decide whether the claim is payable under this condition.
  • The on account payment would be calculated as: ((Threshold Yield - Actual Yield) / Threshold Yield  * Sum Insured * 25%

Post-Harvest Loss

  • Post-harvest yield loss is assessed on individual plot/farm occurring due to hailstorm, cyclone, cyclonic rains and unseasonal rainfall when the harvested crop is kept lying on the fields "in cut and spread" condition for drying of the crop up to 14 days from harvesting of the crop. In such cases on individual basis the claim shall be paid to the insured farmers by the insurance company.
  • The farmer must intimate the loss within 72 hours to the insurance company, concerned bank, agriculture department, district officials. This can be done using the toll free number provided by the insurance company.
  • The insurance company will appoint the surveyor within 48 hours after receiving the complaint. The loss assessment should be completed within 10 days from appointed of the surveyor.
  • The claim would be paid within 15 days from the loss assessment. The percentage of loss shall be assessed through this loss assessment.
  • If the affected area is more than 25% of the total cropped area, then all the farmers in the insurance unit would be deemed to have suffered the loss and the claim would be paid to all insured farmers.


What is PMFBY? | प्रधान मंत्री फसल बिमा योजना क्या है?

For the current year we are implementing the PMFBY in the states of Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. We are also implementing Restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme for Horticulture crops in the State of Chhattisgarh.

Click here for the list of States and Districts serviced by us for Kharif and Rabi 2021.

Year 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Grand Total
Kharif 1621058 2333669 1230911 3007223 2935494 11128355
Rabi 491316 3579654 5198862 1786654 1114384 12170870
Grand Total 2112374 5913323 6429773 4793877 4049878 23299225


Claims Paid (In Crore Rs.)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Grand Total
ANDHRA PRADESH 570.31 0.00 596.63 0.00 0.00 1166.94
ASSAM 0.00 0.00 1.78 0.00 0.00 1.78
BIHAR 164.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 164.25
CHHATTISGARH 17.49 48.56 235.30 29.00 59.49 389.85
GUJARAT 0.00 0.00 2.18 0.01 0.00 2.19
HARYANA 134.16 363.53 0.00 136.88 109.65 744.21
JHARKHAND 0.00 0.00 50.98 0.00 0.00 50.98
KARNATAKA 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.78 24.05 44.83
MADHYA PRADESH 0.00 0.00 0.00 707.26 0.00 707.26
MAHARASHTRA 174.99 32.70 885.82 483.05 56.88 1633.43
RAJASTHAN 0.00 743.03 168.12 241.68 149.18 1302.01
TELANGANA 54.74 5.40 36.75 0.00 0.00 96.88
UTTAR PRADESH 0.00 58.23 18.22 26.52 0.00 102.98
UTTARAKHAND 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.08
Grand Total 1115.94 1251.45 1995.86 1645.18 399.24 6407.67


MH KH 19 – Claims :

MH RB 19 – Claims :

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What is Insurance?

What is Crop Insurance?

What is a PMFBY?

What is Weather based Crop Insurance?

How many crops are covered under PMFBY?

What is the sum Insured/Coverage Limit for an individual farmer?

What would be the last date to enrol in Crop Insurance for Kharif Season?

What would be the last date to enrol in Crop Insurance for Rabi Season?

How many companies providing Crop Insurance?

What are the Premium Rates and Premium Subsidies for crop insurance?

What types of Risks to be covered & exclusions?

Written By: Bajaj Allianz - Updated: 17th June 2021